As the attached picture points out, complexity offers a perspective shift.
Current management perspectives seek to shift organisations forward by seeking root causes to the problems they think are holding them back and fixing them. This is an optimal approach in a manufacturing environment. However, more economic activity is performed in services (my area of focus), where production and delivery occurs in the same (or nearly same) moment. This obscures root problems as they are often located at the level of people. So what can be done?
Once approach is for HR to be the psychology department; managing each person’s level of engagement, motivation, skill-alignment, and performance. But not only does this place a massive burden on HR (and I’ve met many exhausted ones over the last year!) it’s an impossible task. People have multiple identities they rapidly switch between. HR can never be certain which identity they’re dealing with and whether their interventions are sustainable.
Furthermore, how practical is a management strategy based on the idea that you can change people into what you want or need them to be? How many of you have had a personal relationship with someone who you wanted to change in some way? How did that work out?
The complexity perspective lets leaders move away from a purely ‘search and fix’ mentality and adopt an ‘explore and exploit’ approach as well. For in the deeply tangled web of the modern organisation problems and opportunities are part of the same complex day-to-day reality. So instead of trying to engineer your means of production (people), like manufacturers do to their machines, adopt the more human approach of a complexity mindset to work with people on discovering opportunities that impact throughout the organisation in sometimes surprising ways.
In other words, start working with how things really are, rather than how you’d like them to be.
But be warned: once you cross the complexity-Rubicon you don’t go back.